Cancer (malignancy) is an abnormal growth of cells. It is the second leading cause of death worldwide, with 1 out of 6 deaths globally due to cancer. There are over 100 types or cancers, all with varying symptoms and severities. Age is the biggest single risk factor, with risk significantly increasing over 50 years old. The most common cancers in men are lung, prostate and colorectal cancer. The most common cancers in women are breast, colorectal and lung. Risk factors include aging, smoking, overweight, sun exposure, radiation exposure, carcinogens, family history of cancers, poor diet ( low nutrition ); amongst many others. Cancer mortality can be reduced signicantly if cases are detected and treated early. There are 2 components of early detection: cancer screening and early diagnosis. Correct diagnosis and early detection signicantly improves survivability, treatment success and reduces risk of cancer recurrence and mortality.
Who should get tested?
– individuals above 50 years old
– individuals with family history of cancer ( no matter what age)
– patients with previous cancers ( no matter what type of cancer)
– people who are overweight
– people with poor nutrition